Show the characteristics of five types of jade Huang in warring States period

The “six vessels” in The Rites of Zhou, the so-called ritual vessels, did not appear at the same time.Some of them, in different vassal states, the number, shape, decorative patterns, etc., also not all used as ritual ware.Jade Huang is the earliest among the six articles and one of the oldest jade ware shapes in China. It was first seen in the Hemudu culture of Yuyao, Zhejiang province in the early Neolithic Age, 7,000 years ago.The spring and Autumn Jade Huang is more numerous than any other kind of ritual ware, and has exquisite decorative patterns. The shape with dragon heads at both ends has the style of western Zhou Dynasty jade Huang.Jade Huang warring States Warring States Jade Huang states can be divided into five types.One is the double dragon head jade Huang, in the shape of an rainbow, curved edge smooth, each end has a dragon head towards the back of the phase, dragon body decorated with grain grain, pu grain, lying silkworm grain or cloud grain of one kind.This type of jade huang in the Warring States jade Huang the largest number.Double Dragon head Jade Huang the second spring and Autumn period is the ridge type jade Huang, the basic shape and decorative pattern is the same as double dragon head jade Huang, but the two ends of the symmetrical dragon head carving is not specific, more abstract summary, the edge of a number of symmetrical convex teeth, to symbolize the dragon’s mouth, ears, feet and other organs.Give ridge type double dragon head jade huang warring States period its 3 is give outline type jade huang, inside the upper and lower edge of huang body hollow out carve a certain number of chi dragon or chi feng grain, some still add a few design adornment that has nothing to do with dragon, chi or feng.The fourth is a full-body hollowed-out jade huang, with multiple hollowed-out dragons or chi and phoenix intersecting and winding, giving people a sense of unpredictable and colorful, which is the most exquisite jade huang in the Warring States period.The fifth is a special type of jade huang, also in the shape of a curved rainbow, but the ends of the decoration is not symmetrical.One end is the head of a dragon, and the other end is the tail;One end is dragon head, the other end is phoenix head;Some have two dragons, but they are not symmetrical and have different shapes.More individual jade huang is a multi – section jade ornaments for a device.It is worth noting that in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, bi, cong, GUI, zhang and other ritual vessels did not have perforation, while jade huang almost all had perforation for decoration.Therefore, its use should be for ornaments.This at least shows that the mainstream of the Spring and Autumn Jade Huang has not been used for ritual ware.In the early Spring and Autumn period, there was only one piercing at each end for wearing jade ornaments, and it was used as a group of jade ornaments.After the middle period, a hole was added in the center above the convex arc of the jade Huang. When the jade Huang was hanging, the convex arc side was up, while the inner arc side was down, which was completely reversed with the direction of the hanging when the two holes were hanging.The change of the way of perforation in jade Huang is not only the basis for the identification of jade Huang, but also the symbol of the change of the relation and function of jade Huang.It is worth pointing out that, in addition to the central side of a perforation, another in the other place perforation or hollowout, are the group to wear jade on the top layer of the assembly used, the two sides of the hole is for the knot of other groups of jade ornaments.This type of jade huang, broadly speaking, also belongs to the list of jade Huang, but from the use, can be classified into the group of jade pendants, its name should be heng or heng (heng).Kui dragon pattern jade over the Warring States Period summarized above for the spring and Autumn period jade huang identification points, more ancient jade identification knowledge, click below Yang Zhenhua “ancient jade identification series tutorial”.

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