In the drama or novel theme, there will often be “raising a legendary insect”, that is, the people of Miao Jiang in the south know how to tame small insects, so that these small insects can be manipulated for them, to achieve various purposes.In ancient times, people’s health knowledge was not in place, so they regarded this situation as god or so-called “strange people and strange people”, but in fact, they were more like doctors.Those who know how to treat “big male bellies” actually know that these men are suffering from a parasite called “schistosoma”.In fact, Chairman MAO also had more understanding of this kind of disease, in 1958 when the national fight against “gu disease” had personally deployed, ultimately saving tens of thousands of people’s lives.The history of schistosomiasis tells us that there are not only animals, plants and sea creatures that we can see, but also microbes like parasites, bacteria and viruses that we can’t see.These organisms are not structurally complete enough to rely on themselves for nourishment, hence the concept of parasites.Schistosoma is one such creature, and from the archaeological discoveries we can learn about its history and extent.The discovery of schistosome eggs in the Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha brings the story of the worm to the western Han Dynasty.In the Western Han Dynasty, there were also some stories related to “gu”, which was the “disaster of witch” in history.The ancients for “method” has been away, has a tendency to the so-called “Mr. Small paper men” series of nonsense, in fact this is also in the old days, superstitious belief of ghosts and gods said a kind of expression.Schistosomiasis, in fact, was initially frightening because it could make its victims, both male and female, “pregnant”, a miracle in ancient times when scientific knowledge was scarce.Actually has a long history of schistosomiasis in China, the emperor yangdi in the grand canal, which brought about some of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze river customs and regional features recorded login on, in the nest’s hou general of the agents, then recorded the “method of illness, disease, internal fever, and confidant as line, color red, the lip is dry, years died, liver and die.”This was a symptom of schistosomiasis, a disease known at the time as “gu disease”.In 1956, Fu Zaixi, a famous medical scientist in China, called this kind of endemic disease “schistosomiasis” in his paper “Further Exploration of the Source of schistosomiasis”.According to historical records, this disease is mainly prevalent in Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shanghai and other places.Once published, the paper attracted national attention, especially the Party Central Committee headed by Chairman MAO, who finally had a clearer understanding of the disease.Schistosomiasis and the Story of our Army It turned out that as early as 1949, the PEOPLE’s Liberation Army (PLA) had been plagued by the disease when they went south to carry out a river crossing plan.At that time, the composition of our army was mainly composed of northerners. No matter the East China Field Army led by Chen Yi and Su Yu, or the Northeast Field Army led by Lin Shuai, northerners were mainly composed of northerners. There were fewer rivers in the north than the intricate river system in the south, so these soldiers were not familiar with how to fight in water.Water warfare isn’t just about staying in the water, it’s about reducing the impact of the current, and that includes preventing parasites in the water.The life cycle of schistosomiasis is mainly water parasitic. When people are not infected, the schistosomiasis stays in water. When people are infected with these water sources, they will enter the human body through the mouth, skin and other ways, and then parasitic in the human body.At that time, the PEOPLE’s Liberation Army was not aware of these conditions, so it encountered some problems in the liberation of Shanghai. At that time, there was a situation of inexplicable redness and swelling in the army. Out of 40,000 northerners, 14,000 people were infected, which caused great attention in the army.As a result, the army rejected large numbers of recruits from central and southern China because they were potentially infected with schistosomiasis, a disease that, according to statistics at the time, affected nearly 100 million people across the country.A small worm, unexpectedly affected the construction of our army, new China was just founded at that time, army construction and national defense security need soldiers to bear, unexpectedly because of this worm to delay.In fact, the fight against schistosomiasis has a long history.In 1928, the National government set up the Ministry of Health, which was responsible for the prevention and research of schistosomiasis, but the National government did not pay attention to it at that time, and the Ministry of Health did not have real power, which led to the problem of schistosomiasis has not been effectively contained.When the war broke out and schistosomiasis control almost stopped, Japanese soldiers saw a group of heavily pregnant men among the people and thought it was something bizarre.After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Chairman MAO and Premier Zhou were also aware of the threat of the disease to the people. According to the studies of relevant departments at that time, the number of schistosomiasis infections was as high as 10 million, and 100 million people were potentially infected.See such data, Chairman MAO can not sit still, the Chinese people and “poison” between the decisive battle officially started.In 1955, Chairman MAO became so concerned about schistosomiasis that he personally scolded the ministry of Health for its inadequate control of the disease.In fact, it was not that the Ministry of Health did not take good measures to prevent and control the disease. At that time, all kinds of materials were in short supply in China. The Ministry of Health focused on the prevention and control of cities, ignoring the most serious villages, which could be said to be the source of the disease.The prevention and control of schistosomiasis is mainly based on the disease source and transmission route, and the transmission route is mainly sanitation. Schistosomiasis patients will discharge their eggs through feces, and the eggs in feces will be transferred to the snails when they enter the water source. When people are contaminated with water, they will come out again and infect the human body.Therefore, when the staff came to the countryside to publicize the separation of excrement from water and the wearing of protective measures when entering the water, the people did not understand, but regarded this as “urban people’s taste”.Chairman MAO took the matter to the central committee and made arrangements for it. First, he formed a 10-member leading group for schistosomiasis, and then he went down to the grass-roots level to communicate with the people and convince them with all kinds of propaganda means that these were very correct measures to prevent and control schistosomiasis.After years of hard work, In 1958, Yujiang county in Jiangxi province was designated as the first county to eradicate schistosomiasis. Chairman MAO was delighted to write the famous “Sending the God of Plague”. Since then, schistosomiasis has been eradicated in one region after another.Summary: Today, schistosomiasis remain in water supplies, but they are no longer a concern.With the improvement of people’s health awareness, cases of schistosomiasis are almost impossible to encounter.People no longer affected by the “method of poison”, all these, is chairman MAO and the achievement of our party at all levels of staff!